When we discuss trauma, we often talk about hyperarousal, intrusive thoughts, avoidance behaviors and more. What we discuss less is how the experience of time itself changes after a traumatic event; namely, how trauma can produce feelings that life may be cut short.

Believing the end of your future is imminent is called a sense of foreshortened future, which may manifest when people don't think they can hit specific milestones, such as having a successful career, getting married, having children or reaching a particular age. With a sense of foreshortened future, your sense of trust is impaired. You might mistrust the world, your sense of agency, or success and what your future might hold.

The most recent edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) classified a sense of foreshortened future under post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as "exaggerated negative expectations regarding important aspects of life applied to oneself, others or the future."