​Lifestyle factors such as obesity, lack of exercise and a poor diet have long been linked to fertility problems in women. Yet these aren’t the only risks women face if they want to maintain their chances of starting a family: Environmental factors also play a crucial role in the fertility of women.

As a result, identifying these factors and limiting exposure to them can ensure women maintain their capability of conceiving. Some of the greatest environmental factors that can impact fertility and what women can do to curb them are known.

Pesticides, fungicides & rodenticides

The use of pesticides, fungicides and rodenticides is widespread in the farming industry. By spraying crops with pesticides or leaving poison bait blocks, farmers can increase their yield and reduce the incidence of infestation. However, this comes with certain health risks for consumers of fresh produce. The use of such chemicals has been tied to chronic and acute health conditions, and also to infertility in women.

A 2017 study from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and published in JAMA Internal Medicine linked pesticides to greater infertility in women. A control group of 325 women who ate more than two servings a day of fruits and vegetables with high amounts of pesticides compared to those who ate an average of one were 18 percent less likely to get pregnant and 26 percent less likely to have a live birth. The study also suggested women who have turned to in vitro fertilization, or IVF, may have trouble conceiving if they’re consuming foods high in pesticides.

To counteract this effect, many doctors and nutritionists suggest that women who wish to become pregnant should turn to organic produce. By law, organic produce can contain no