Cervical cancer occurs in the cells of a woman's cervix, a hollow cylinder connecting the uterus to the vagina. Cervical cancer is nearly always caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), an infection spread by having vaginal, anal or oral sex, and can be prevented by an HPV vaccination. It is curable if detected and treated early.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched an initiative to increase the screening, prevention and treatment of cervical cancer in hopes of eliminating it as a public health issue. Nineteen out of the 20 countries in the world with the highest rates of cervical cancer are in sub-Saharan Africa, including Eswatini, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Tanzania and Uganda, according to the