Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer that men face, with 248,530 expected to be diagnosed in 2021, and more than 34,000 expected to die from it, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS). While some men aren't diagnosed with prostate cancer until they show symptoms, about 85 percent of cases are detected using early screening tests.
Overview of prostate cancer
Part of the male reproductive system, the prostate is positioned in front of the rectum at the base of the penis and below the bladder. One of its main functions is to make fluid for semen, which is essential to supporting, protecting and transporting sperm.
The prostate is wrapped around the urethra, which transports urine and semen through the penis. The prostate naturally tends to get larger as men age, which leads to issues such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH),