Men who are looking to share birth control responsibilities with a current partner or any future partners will eventually find it's time they consider a vasectomy. While the fertility consequences of a vasectomy are permanent, men's quality of life rarely diminishes after they get the surgery, as their ability to participate in sexual activity continues unhindered after recovery.

What is a vasectomy?

A vasectomy is a minimally invasive surgery performed under local anesthesia and carried out on an outpatient basis. The entire procedure takes about 15 minutes, and its purpose is to cut and tie, or seal, the vasa deferentia, which thereby prevents sperm from entering the ejaculatory ducts and becoming part of the semen. After the procedure, the man is still able to ejaculate but without sperm in the semen. The testes continue to create sperm, but with no way of being transported outside the body, it is absorbed.

Men have the option of two kinds of vasectomies: a conventional vasectomy and a no-scalpel vasectomy.