If you're trying to conceive or avoid conceiving, knowing the ins and outs of your fertility is crucial. Here, we'll help you get to know your body by explaining fertility and the various methods of tracking it.

The science of female fertility

In order for a person to become pregnant, an egg must come into contact with sperm and then implant into the uterus, a process that largely comes down to timing. Females typically release one egg per month during ovulation, usually around day 14 of the average 28-day menstrual cycle.

Sperm can live inside the cervix for five days, so there are roughly six days per cycle during which sex could result in pregnancy.

Why track fertility?

Knowing when you are ovulating and planning sex accordingly can help you optimize, or minimize, your chances of becoming pregnant. Since you can get pregnant only during a few days each month, knowing when those days are can help you with either goal.

However, fertility awareness methods alone are typically only 75 to 80