Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate, a walnut-sized gland near the bladder that produces one of the components of semen. Prostatitis encompasses four conditions characterized by urinary problems such as painful urination, increased urination and trouble urinating. Men with prostatitis may have an infection, inflammation or pain. While men of any age can get prostatitis, it is more common in men younger than 50. It's important to emphasize that you are not at higher risk of getting prostate cancer if you have prostatitis.

Depending on your symptoms and test results, your doctor may diagnose you with one of the following types of prostatitis:

  • Acute bacterial prostatitis. Typically caused by bacteria, this type generally starts quickly and causes flu-like symptoms, including fever, chills and nausea.
  • Chronic bacterial prostatitis. This type is caused by the recurring bacterial infection of the prostate and is diagnosed by the high levels of white blood cells