In vitro fertilization (IVF) has helped many women conceive. But while the procedure has been a revolution for women experiencing infertility (who can afford it), it is not entirely without complications.

A pelvic infection following a round of IVF is one such complication. Infections are uncommon, occurring in less than 1 percent of all cases, and usually in patients with a previous pelvic infection or endometriosis, according to a 2012 study published in the book "Assisted Reproduction Techniques: Challenges and Management Options."

The risk of getting a pelvic infection is even lower after an embryo transfer. But they do happen, and it's important to know how a pelvic infection can affect your pregnancy.

Possible causes of pelvic infections

Pelvic infection and formation of pelvic abscess during an IVF procedure are rare but