Most people likely enter adulthood with preconceived notions about the road to parenthood, shaped by the stories they’ve heard from their families as well as from popular culture. Familiar tropes include surprising one’s partner with a positive pregnancy test, feeling the baby’s “first kicks” in the womb and raiding the pickle jar at midnight to satisfy an odd food craving.

But what happens when we learn that these moments aren’t going to be a part of our story?

Managing fertility expectations

Infertility is a reality for many men and women. Problems with ovulation are the most common reasons for infertility, followed by sperm cell irregularities.

While people can modify certain lifestyle factors associated with infertility, by achieving a healthy weight or quitting smoking, for instance, there’s no way to control other causes: age, genetics and underlying