Cervicitis is the inflammation of the cervix, which can be acute or chronic, lasting for several months or years. It's estimated that half of all adult women will experience cervicitis at some point in their lives, and in many cases, there are no symptoms present.
This condition is often diagnosed through routine pelvic exams, which demonstrates the importance of attending checkups and speaking up about any sudden changes in discharge and vaginal bleeding.
What are the causes?
Cervicitis has a few different causes, but it's primarily caused by a sexually transmitted infection such as chlamydia or gonorrhea, explained Kecia Gaither, M.D., F.A.C.O.G., double board-certified OB-GYN and Maternal-Fetal Medicine. You are at a slightly higher risk of developing cervicitis if you have unprotected sex with multiple partners, or if you've had a previous sexually transmitted infection (STI).
However, STIs aren't the only cause of cervicitis. It can develop due to an allergy to latex or spermicide, douching or a sensitivity to feminine hygiene products.