An old saying claims that sometimes the cure is worse than the disease. While not quite the case with testicular cancer, a diagnosis does bring seemingly unsavory treatment recommendations from doctors. While these options are most likely lifesaving necessities, they also come with their own risks.

Each type of testicular cancer treatment—chemotherapy, surgery or radiation—affects the body differently, explained S. Adam Ramin, M.D., a urologist and the medical director of Urology Cancer Specialists in Los Angeles. Here's how different parts of the body can be impacted long-term, depending on treatment.

Side effects from surgery

If the chosen treatment is surgery, the most common long-term side effects are loss of a testicle (almost always), infertility and kidney damage.

Loss of a testicle

Ramin explained the most common side effect of surgical treatment for testicular cancer is the loss of one testicle because it has been removed