Women seeking an abortion have two methods to choose from: having an in-clinic surgical procedure or taking medication at home. While both are safe, you have a number of considerations, including risk factors and availability, when deciding which method you prefer.

Clinical procedure

Performed by a doctor or nurse, surgical abortions (or vacuum aspiration) remove the fetus from the wall of the uterus. They are commonly utilized up to 14 to 16 weeks into a pregnancy. For pregnancies further along, a dilation and evacuation (D&E) is performed.

In-clinic abortions are 99 percent effective and take only five to 10 minutes. You may experience cramping, bleeding and spotting during the following 24 hours, but most women are back to normal activities by the next day. When and where you can schedule the procedure depends on your state regulations and your access to providing health clinics.