There are two types of diabetes—type 1 and type 2— both of which are chronic diseases that impact the way your body processes blood sugar.
Type 2 (T2) diabetes is the most common form of the disease. When you are T2, your body produces insulin, but it doesn't use it properly to keep your blood sugar levels under control. This is different from patients with type 1 diabetes, whose bodies don't produce insulin at all.
You may be able to control your type 2 diabetes with diet and exercise or you may need to supplement with oral medications or injectable insulin.
How is T2 diabetes diagnosed?
The most common test from your doctor for type 2 diabetes is an A1C test, which is done by drawing blood. The blood is then examined by a lab to determine your blood sugar level. A normal level of A1C is less than 5.7 percent, prediabetes is 5.7 to 6.4 percent and diabetes is when the test shows 6.5 percent or higher.
People with prediabetes have an A1C that is higher than normal but not quite high enough to be classified as T2. They don't necessarily go on to become a