Reproductive health can be defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, according to the World Health Organization, and not merely the absence of disease. This includes the ability to have safe and satisfying sexual relationships, as well as the ability to have children with the freedom to decide, if, when and how to do so. Optimal reproductive health plays a critical role in enabling women to enjoy life, remain healthy overall and be active in their communities.

The reproductive health needs of women change with their life stages and are impacted by factors such as menstruation, fertility, contraception, pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections and chronic health issues, such as endometriosis and menopause.

Welcome to the female reproductive system

Female sex organs consist of the breasts, cervix, ovaries, uterus and vagina, all working together to help a woman have children. This system is immature at birth, develops to maturity during puberty and then reduces