Approximately 8 percent of pregnancies involve complications that, if left untreated, put the pregnant person or fetus at risk, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine. The healthcare system in the United States can make it difficult to receive the necessary care when complications arise, as Genevieve Grabman, J.D., M.P.H., knows all too well.

When Grabman was pregnant with identical twins, she learned they had a rare condition called twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), a serious complication that occurs when abnormal blood vessel connections in the placenta cause blood to flow unevenly between the fetuses, leading to myriad health issues. TTTS develops in an estimated