There is quite possibly no worse moment to be slut-shamed than with your feet in cold metal stirrups and your vagina exposed under a fluorescent light. Unfortunately, receiving judgment from a medical provider happens all too often—especially at the OB-GYN office.

Being slut-shamed—receiving criticism for sexual partners, promiscuity or sexual behavior—at the OB-GYN can cause a lingering emotional toll that may impact how likely someone is to disclose their history to providers or return for an appointment in the future. If someone is less likely to return to an OB-GYN after experiencing judgment for their sex life, they could miss out on lifesaving preventive screenings.

A 2014 study by the University of California, San Diego, sought to explore patient reactions to physician-inspired shame and guilt. The study opens with the fact that more than one-third of all deaths in the United States are basically preventable. The research indicates