About 90 percent of children infected with HIV/AIDS acquire it through mother-to-child transmission, which could happen at any point during pregnancy, delivery or while breastfeeding. Without treatment, a pregnant woman with HIV has a 15 to 45 percent risk of transmitting the virus to her child. In the U.S. and in Europe, mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) rates are less than 5 percent with appropriate treatment.

The understanding of effective treatment options is starting to become more widely known, according to Anthony Adams Dabban, M.D., a sexual and reproductive health advocate based in Nigeria.

"For many patients I have come in contact with, it is usually surprising when I counsel that HIV/AIDS should not stop them from having meaningful sexual relations and/or childbirth. The usual question that follows is: How is it possible?" Adams Dabban said.

Pregnant women can receive education on safety practices through prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs