Attributed to Dutch philosopher Desiderius Erasmus, the words "prevention is better than cure" ring as true today as they did back in 1500 C.E., and represent a fundamental principle inherent in our current health and social care strategies.

A crucial part of the prevention process is screening, which you should undergo routinely as an adult to help detect health problems early, when they're easier to combat. However, it can be tricky to know what tests to have and when, and when to note the follow-up test in your calendar, especially when recommendations change frequently.

Jeffery Marcus, M.D., a board-certified OB-GYN and chief medical advisor at Femasys, a biomedical company based in Suwanee, Georgia, said many academic societies have different recommendations but all with the same objective: to catch things early.

"Your provider will choose the recommendations that are the best fit for your personal needs," Marcus said.

But if you don't have a healthcare provider or are unsure where to start, we talked to experts for details on a general overview.

Routine health maintenance

Your doctor likely wants you to keep up with a few steps that aren't exactly screening but are highly