Many, if not all, of us experience a drop in sexual desire at points in our lives, thanks to occurrences such as changes in hormones, age, stress (caused by something like a pandemic, maybe?) and relationship problems. Luckily, when the conflict is resolved, your desire typically returns. However, this isn't the case for millions of women who struggle with sexual dysfunction, specifically, hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD).

Despite living in an age that's beginning to embrace sexual empowerment, stigma still surrounds women's sexual dysfunction. Even though HSDD is the most common sexual disorder, reported by about 5 percent to 14 percent of women, there's still a lot we don't understand about the underlying biological causes.

What is hypoactive sexual desire disorder?

HSDD is defined as persistent deficient sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity to the point of causing distress—distress being the key word.

"Nearly 50 percent of women experience a drop in libido, and 10 percent feel it's distressing," explained Sheryl Kingsberg, Ph.D., chief of behavioral medicine in the department of obstetrics and gynecology at