According to Canadian law, sexual consent should be positive—saying yes and initiating and/or enjoying the act—and ongoing throughout the sexual activity. While this is a law that should encourage enthusiastic consent from all partners in a relationship, a 2015 study by the Canadian Women's Foundation revealed 2 in 3 Canadians don't actually know what consent means.

Americans' views, based on a 2015 Planned Parenthood survey, are just as alarming. There continues to be varying beliefs about what behaviors do and do not communicate consent. Relatively small percentages of people strongly agree that taking off their own clothes (35 percent), getting a condom (37 percent), nodding in agreement (24 percent), engaging in foreplay (22 percent) and not saying "no" (19 percent) indicate consent for sexual activity. However, about 12 percent to 13 percent of people strongly disagree that consent is indicated by these behaviors, with the