In 1999, Robert Eads, a transgender man, died of ovarian cancer after more than a dozen doctors refused to treat him for fear it would damage their (straight, cis) reputations. In 2006, Jay Kallio, a trans man suffering from breast cancer, learned of his diagnosis only when a lab technician called to ask how he was dealing with it. Kalio's surgeon didn't know how to talk to Jay about the condition—despite the fact that cis men also get breast cancer—so he didn't bother. Jay also faced hostility from his oncologist, delaying his treatment against the aggressive tumor. In 2020, Jesse Hammonds, a transgender man seeking a hysterectomy, was denied treatment because the hospital had religious objections.

About 1 in 4 transgender people avoid seeking necessary health care because of anticipated