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V

Vacuum aspiration

A method of surgical abortion used during the first trimester in which the contents of the uterus are aspirated through a narrow tube.

Vacuum erection device

A cylindrical device that uses negative pressure to temporarily bring blood into the penis to treat erectile dysfunction.

Vagina

The muscular canal that connects the uterus to a woman’s external genitals.

Vaginal atrophy

A condition that typically occurs after menopause in which the vaginal walls thin, dry and become inflamed as a result of decreased estrogen levels.

Vaginal discharge

A natural secretion used by the body to get rid of any potentially harmful substances such as bacteria.

Vaginal dryness

A condition in which the vagina does not naturally lubricate, causing pain or discomfort during penetrative sexual intercourse.

Vaginal yeast infection

A fungal infection that causes irritation, discharge and intense itchiness of the vagina and the vulva.

Vaginismus

An involuntary tensing of the vagina which can make activities such as inserting a tampon, getting a pelvic exam or having penetrative vaginal sex painful.

Vaginoplasty

A surgical procedure in which separated muscles in the vagina are brought closer together by removing extra skin from the backside of the vagina; also known as vaginal rejuvenation.

Variable premature ejaculation

A condition in which a man experiences periods of premature ejaculation as well as periods of normal ejaculation.

Varicocele

An enlargement of the veins in the scrotum.

Vascular dementia

A type of dementia that occurs when there is damage to the vessels that help bring blood to the brain and often causes an individual to experience slower-than-normal thinking as well as difficulty with solving problems, focusing and organizing.

Vas deferens

The thick-walled ducts in the male reproductive system that transport sperm cells from the epididymis, where the sperm are stored before ejaculation.

Vasectomy

A simple surgery in which a doctor cuts or ties off the small tubes in the scrotum so sperm can’t leave the body; usually a birth-control measure.

Vasodilation

The widening of blood vessels.

Vulvar cancer

A relatively uncommon disease that usually forms as an itchy lump or sore on the vulva, which is the external female genital area.