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T

Testicles (testes)

Two egg-shaped structures located in the scrotum that produce sperm and male sex hormones.

Testicular cancer

A disease that occurs when cancerous cells in the testicles proliferate and disrupt healthy cells.

Testicular torsion

A dangerous condition in which the testicle rotates and the spermatic cord that provides blood flow to the organ becomes kinked, cutting off blood supply.

Testis-sparing surgery

A surgical procedure used to remove early-stage testicular cancer or a benign testicular mass while leaving the testis intact.

Testosterone replacement therapy

A form of hormone therapy used to administer testosterone, a treatment often used when the testes don’t produce enough of the hormone.

Thulium laser enucleation of the prostate

A laser surgery used to treat the obstruction of the flow of urine caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

Tinea cruris

A fungal infection better known as jock itch.

Toxic shock syndrome

A rare, life-threatening complication of certain types of bacterial infections.

Transrectal ultrasound

A procedure used to check for abnormalities in the rectum, prostate and nearby structures in which a probe that sends out high-energy sound waves is inserted into the rectum to create a sonogram.

Transurethral electrovaporization

A procedure used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in which a special instrument is inserted into the urethra to heat and vaporize the prostate tissue in order to relieve pressure and improve urine flow.

Transurethral incision of the prostate

A surgery to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in which an instrument called a resectoscope is used to cut small grooves in the bladder neck to allow urine to pass through more easily.

Transurethral resection of the prostate

A procedure used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in which a surgical instrument called a resectoscope is used to trim away any excess prostate tissue that is blocking the flow of urine.

Tunica albuginea

The thin, stretchy sheath of skin surrounding the corpus cavernosa, the two tubes inside the penis that fill with blood and cause an erection when a man is aroused.

Type 1 diabetes

A condition mostly detected in children in which the body does not make enough insulin due to autoimmune attacks that damage insulin-producing cells.

Type 2 diabetes

A condition most common among adults in which the body becomes unresponsive to the insulin that is produced.