Orgasming refers to the intense feelings of pleasure and release that occur during sex, also commonly known as climaxing or coming. Orgasms can feel really good—there's a reason the French call it le petit mort, the little death. They can feel elusive, especially if you've never had one or often struggle to reach orgasm during sex. Everyone achieves and experiences an orgasm differently, and there are many different kinds that a person can experience during sex.
Your brain on orgasms
Genital stimulation causes four main nerve pathways to fire: pelvic, hypogastric, vagus and pudendal. These, coupled with nerve signals from the spinal cord, all signal simultaneously during orgasm to cause brain activation in regions associated with pleasure, rewards and even addiction.
Arousal first lights up the amygdala, a component of the limbic system that controls emotion and fight-or-flight response. However, this area of the brain shuts off during orgasm, along with the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC). The vmPFC impacts decision-making and self-control. Inactivity in these areas of the brain upon orgasm indicates that